Children

Acceptance and Refusal of Authorisations Policy

Aim
Our service aims to provide clear and transparent policies and procedures for authorisations.  This helps staff / educators and parents understand exactly what they need to do.
Legislative Requirements
NQS

QA2

2.3.1
Children are adequately supervised at all times
2.3.2
Every reasonable precaution is taken to protect children for harm and any hazard likely to cause injury.

National Regulations

Regs

92 Medication record
93 Administration of medication
99 Children leaving the education and care service
102 Authorisation for excursions
160 Child enrolment records to  be kept by approved provider
161 Authorisations to be kept in enrolment record
168 Education and care services must have policies and procedures

Related policies
Administration of Medication Policy
Enrolment Policy
Excursion Policy
Photography Policy
Physical Safety (Workplace, Learning and Administration) Policy
Who is affected by this policy?
Staff
Families
Child
Management
Implementation

  • Where activities require authorisation, either to comply with national regulations, or to comply with our service policies, our service requires that the authorisation is provided in writing and is dated.  These activities include:
  • Administration of medication
  • Administration of medical treatment, dental treatment, general first aid products and ambulance transportation.
  • Excursions including regular outings.
  • Incursions.
  • Taking of photographs by people who aren’t educators
  • Water based activities
  • Enrolment of children including naming of authorised nominees and persons authorised to consent to medical treatment or trips outside the service premises
  • The format of written authorisations required under the national law must comply with the regulations. Please see specific policies for more information.
  • Our service does not accept verbal authorisations in any circumstances except in situations requiring:
    • Emergency administration of medication, including emergencies involving anaphylaxis or asthma

    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standard
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                               Date for next review: April 2014

    Access Policy

    Aim
    To ensure the safety of the children in the care of Edgeworth Child Care Centre, and the lawful access of children by Parents/Guardians.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Staff
    Families
    Child
    Management
    Implementation
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor or Certified Supervisor of an Education and Care Service must ensure that a parent of a child being educated and cared for by the Service may enter the Education and Care Service premises at any time that the child is being educated and cared for by the Service. Despite this regulation the Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor or Certified Supervisor is not required to allow a parent to enter the Education and Care Service premises if:

    • By permitting the parent’s entry would pose a risk to the safety of the children and staff of the Education and Care Service or
    • Conflict with any duty of the Approved Provider, Supervisor or Educator under the Law.

    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor of an Education and Care Service must ensure that a child who is being educated and cared for by the Service does not leave the Service premises.  The child may only leave the relevant premises if the child:

    • is given into the care of a Parent/Guardian, or
    • an Authorised Nominee named in the child’s enrolment record, or
    • a person authorised by a parent or authorised nominee named in the child’s enrolment record to collect the child from the premises, or
    • leaves the premises in accordance with the written authorisation of the child’s parent or authorised nominee named in the child’s enrolment record, or
    • is taken on an excursion in accordance with the excursion policy and guidelines,
    • requires medical, hospital or ambulance care or treatment, or
    • because of another emergency,
    • Staff must abide by the judicial decisions of the law (see family law policy). Staff must ensure that any parent not subject to an order can have access to his or her child at any time during the hours the child is at the Education and Care Service.

    Information in regards to access will be updated on an ongoing basis at a mutually convenient time.
    Any Parent/Guardian, that the Approved Provider/Nominated or Certified Supervisor knows to have been denied contact with a child by a court order affecting the custody or residence of, or contact with the child is excluded from Edgeworth Child Care Centre at all times.
    The following will be implemented:
    ·         The original court order affecting the custody residence of or contact will be sighted before restrictions are placed on the Parent/Guardian. A copy of the original will be taken and signed by both the Parent & Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor. This will be kept in the child’s file.
    ·         Educators/Staff will be informed as soon as possible, this includes new, casual and volunteer staff.
    ·         A Parent/Guardian denied contact with a court order would be requested to leave if he or she enters the Education and Care Service’s grounds.
    ·         If the non custodial Parent/Guardian refuses to leave the Service, the Police and Custodial Parent will be notified.
    ·         The Educators/Staff will remove all children to an area where they will not be affected by the situation.
    ·         If the Non Custodial Parent/Guardian becomes threatening or violent and/or tries to forcibly remove the child, Educators/Staff are not to interfere, the welfare of the Educators/Staff and Children are of the utmost importance.
    ·         If the Non Custodial Parent leaves the Service, then details will be taken in regards to transport eg.make/model of vehicle, colour of vehicle, and registration number.
    ·         Police, Department of Education and Communities & Custodial Parent are to be notified when the Non-Custodial Parent has left or as soon as possible.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Family Court of Australia www.familycourt.gov.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                               Date for next review: April 2014

    Arrival and Departure Policy

    Aim
    To ensure that all Children are in an environment where they can arrive and depart safely from within the Education and Care Service.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Families
    Staff
    Implementation
    The following guidelines must be adhered to at all times to ensure the safety of all children:
    Arrival:
    ·        It is essential on arrival that all Children are signed IN by a parent or responsible adult. This also assists Educators/Staff in the event of evacuation of the Education and Care Service. This is the Parent/Guardian’s or Authorised Nominee’s responsibility.
    ·        An Educator/Staff member will greet and receive the Child at all times.
    ·        Each Child has their own locker for personal belongings.
    Departure:
    ·        Nominated Supervisors are to ensure that the authorised pick-up list for each child is kept up to date.
    ·        No Child will be released into the care of any persons not known to Educators/Staff. If Educators/Staff don’t know the person by appearance, the person must be able to produce some form of photo identification to prove that they are the person authorised to collect the child on the enrolment form.
    ·        Parents must give prior notice where the person collecting the child is someone other than those mentioned on the enrolment form, e.g. in an emergency situation. The person nominated by the parent must be able to produce some form of photo identification.
    ·        Children are not to be released into the care of persons not authorised to collect the child, e.g. court orders concerning custody and access.
    ·        Parents must give prior notice of any variation in the persons picking up the child. If notice is not given, and Educators/Staff cannot contact the Parent/Guardian, the child must not be released into the care of that person.
    ·        If the person collecting the child appears to be intoxicated, or under the influence of drugs, and Educators/Staff feel that the person is unfit to take responsibility for the child, the Educators/Staff are to bring
    the matter to the person’s attention before releasing the child into their care. Wherever possible, such discussion is to take place without the child being present. Educators/Staff are to suggest that they contact the other Parent/Guardian or emergency numbers from the enrolment form, inform them of the situation and request they collect the child as soon as possible. If the person refuses to allow the child to be collected by another authorised person, Educators/Staff are to inform the Police of the circumstances, the person’s name, and vehicle make/model and registration details. Educators/Staff cannot prevent a Parent/Guardian from collecting a child, but do have a moral obligation to persuade a parent/Guardian to seek alternative arrangements, if they feel the Parent/Guardian is in an unfit state to accept responsibility for the child.
    ·        It is essential on departure that all children are signed OUT by a Parent/Guardian or Authorised Nominee as per enrolment form. This also assists Educators/Staff in knowing who has left the Service.
    ·        At the end of each day 2 Educators/Staff members check the premises to ensure that no child remains on the premises after the Education and Care Service closes.
    ·        An Authorised Nominee must be a minimum age of 18 years old to sign a child in or out of the Education and Care Service.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                               Date for next review: April 2014

    Biting Policy

    Aim
    To inform and protect all Educators/Staff, relevant employees, visitors, families and children who interact with or use the Service, of the requirements regarding the prevention of biting and treating a bite from a child to another person accessing the centre.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Families
    Staff
    Community
    Visitors
    Implementation
    It is important that all people involved in caring for young children need to recognise that at times, some children, for a variety of reasons, attempt to bite other children.
    There are a number of reasons that children may bite and some can be identified.  For example:
    Infants: Experimental, Sensory Pleasure, Teething
    Toddlers: Frustration, Fatigue, Attention Seeking, Confined Spaces
    Older Children: Aggression, Deliberate, Attention Seeking
    All Educators/Staff should be aware of and possess knowledge of the reasons why a child may bite, and the potential consequences of a child biting another individual. Educators/Staff need to implement strategies to minimise biting incidents. These strategies are based on the individual needs of each child.
    One must be aware that a human bite which breaks the skin brings a high risk of cross infection to the victim. As such, we strongly encourage families to keep their child’s immunisation up to date.
    When a bite does occur, Educators/Staff will:
    -       Check for broken skin.
    -       Clean all bites, regardless of whether the skin is broken or not.
    -       Apply a cold compress to the bitten area.
    -       Staff will notify the families of the child who has bitten and the child that has been bitten as soon as possible. It is up to the families’ discretion should they wish to seek medical treatment.
    -       If the child who has bitten another, is known to be a carrier of an infectious disease, or can be seen to have facial herpes and the victim’s skin is broken, the Approved Provider or Nominated/Certified Supervisor will convey this information to the family.
    -       Should the behaviour continue, Educators/Staff will work in conjunction with families and, if necessary, external agencies, to develop an Individual Service Plan (ISP), and behaviour guidance management strategies, to assist the child through this stage of their development.
    -       Educators/Staff will complete an incident report for any occasion where a child bites and submit to the Nominated Supervisor/Approved Provider.
    -       Monitor the behaviour of the child who has bitten and use distraction techniques to prevent the child from biting.
    We encourage families to discuss this policy with us upon enrolment, so they are aware of the strategies we implement should a child bite another child.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    NSW WorkCover
    www.workcover.nsw.gov.au Retrieved: 30 04 13
    Raising Children Network Australia www.raisingchildren.net.au
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Checking the Premises for Children at the End of the Day Policy

    Aim
    To ensure that all children have left the service at the end of the day, and that no children remain on the premises.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Families
    Staff
    Implementation
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that at the end of each day all sleeping areas of the premises, including indoors and outdoors, are thoroughly checked by 2 primary contact staff to ensure that no child remains on the premises after the service closes for the day.
    The following procedure will occur at all times:
    Two Primary Contact staff will:

    • Check the sign in/out sheets to see if all children have been signed out.

    • Contact all parents of children who have not signed out to ensure they are aware of where their child is.

    • Thoroughly check all beds/cots and all areas of the premises, indoor and outdoor.

    • Sign the bottom of the sign in/out sheet to confirm that all children have left the premises.

    • If a child has not been picked up refer to “Uncollected Child Policy and Procedure”.

    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                                           Date for next review: April 2014

    Child Health Policy

    Aim
    The Approved Provider of Edgeworth Child Care Centre aims to ensure that the Nominated Supervisor and all staff members of, and volunteers at, the Service implement adequate health and hygiene practices. The Service aims to promote a healthy environment in which children will grow and learn about the world around them. Educators/staff will actively support children to learn hygiene practices (including hand washing, coughing, sneezing, dental care and ear care). The application of preventative measures through an infection control process aims to prevent the spread of infections and will be followed by all people in the Education and Care Service at all times.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011

    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
     

    Hygiene
    ·         Hand washing is considered to be the most effective way of controlling infection in the Service. Educators, staff and children should wash their hands:
    -       When arriving at the Service to reduce the introduction of germs.
    -       Before and after all cleaning tasks.
    -       Before and after handling and preparing food and eating.
    -       After all dirty tasks e.g. nappy changing, toileting, cleaning up faeces, vomit or blood, wiping a nose, playing outside, handling animals.
    -       After removing gloves.
    -       Before and after giving a child medication.
    -       After giving first aid.
    -       Before going home to prevent taking germs home.
    ·       Nappy changing will be done only in the nappy change area which will be properly stocked with paper towels, wipes, plastic bags, fresh nappies, clean clothes, rubbish bin with a sealed lid lined with plastic bag. The procedure for nappy changing will be displayed in the nappy change area.
    ·       The Service uses disposable nappies.
    ·         The laundry area includes a washing machine & trough with hot & cold water supply for the laundering of soiled clothes, and linen.
    ·         Items returned to a child’s home for laundering will have soiling removed and will be stored securely and not placed in the child’s bag in contact with personal items.
    ·         The Service will ensure that toilets and hand washing facilities are easily accessible to children.  Children will be encouraged to flush toilets and wash hands after use.
    ·         Educators/Staff will use separate cloths or tissues to wipe different children’s faces and noses.  Tissues will be disposed of immediately after wiping a child’s nose.
    ·         Each child will have their own bedding which will be supplied by the family.
    The Service will wash mouthed toys daily using warm water and soap, and dried in the sun, rotate toys to allow for washing and use individual toy bags for babies, clean books by wiping with moist cloth and drying, clean storage areas weekly.
    ·         Surfaces will be cleaned with detergent after each activity and all surfaces cleaned thoroughly daily.  Floor in the babies and toddlers rooms will be washed each day.  Areas contaminated with body fluids will be disinfected with 1:20 bleach solution after washing.
    ·         Each child will be provided with their own drinking and eating utensils at each mealtime. These utensils will be washed after each use. Educators/staff will encourage children not to use drinking or eating utensils which have been used by another child or dropped on the floor.
    ·         Educators/staff will ensure that children do not eat food that has been handled by another child or that has been dropped on the floor.
    ·         Food will be prepared; kept and served hygienically.
    ·         Food preparation facilities will be maintained according to Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011.
    ·         The Education and Care Service will ensure it meets all requirements for a food handling premises in accordance with the FSANZ Food Safety Code, consistent with advice provided by families about their child’s dietary requirements, likes, dislikes, cultural or other requirements families have regarding their child’s nutrition.
    ·         The rules of hygiene and dental care will be included in the child’s program and educators/staff will initiate discussion about these subjects with groups and individual children at appropriate times.
    ·         Educators/staff will engage children in experiences, conversations and routines that promote relaxed and enjoyable mealtimes and promote healthy lifestyles and good nutrition
    ·         Information on hygiene and dental care principles and practices will be displayed in the reception area / provided through newsletters and drawn to the attention of all parents on a regular basis.
    ·         No alcohol, tobacco or unlawful substances will be consumed on the premises of the Service at any time.
    ·         No smoking of any substance on any part of the Service at any time.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Australian Government Guidelines: Get Up and Grow: healthy Eating and Physical Activity for Early Childhood
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011

    Food Standards Australia New Zealand www.foodstandards.gov.au  Retrieved 28 05 13
    Better Health Channel www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    Staying Healthy – Preventing infectious diseases in early childhood education and care services – 5th Edition
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                         Date for next review: May 2014

    Child Orientation Policy

    Aim
    At Edgeworth Child Care Centre we believe orientation is an important process where educators are able to gain important information about the new child’s needs and those of the family.  This process helps to make the transition from home to the Education and Care Service as smooth as possible with the aim to maintain continuity between home and the Service, which helps the child adjust to the new setting.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Family
    Management
    Implementation
    Our Service provides an orientation process for new children and families to familiarise themselves with the daily routine and activities, of the Service, and for the parents to reassure themselves that most of the children do settle in quickly to their new environment.
    The Director will arrange for the new child to attend the Service (together with parent/s or guardian/s) to visit and meet the educators/staff, and familiarise with the environment.  The children may participate in the activities if they so desire. A number of young children prefer to just watch, rather than participate. Positive interactions at this time (between parents, educators/staff and the child) are important for the child to build positive attitudes to the Service environment. Educators/staff are aware that some children respond to new experiences faster than others and will adapt to each individual child’s situation.
    At this time, the daily program and routine will be discussed, as well as routines and any special requirements for the child that may need to be accommodated. Parents/Guardians will also be encouraged to send any special comfort items (teddy etc) to help the child in the initial settling in period. Parents/Guardians will also be invited to ring and check on their child at any time if there are any concerns.
    Part of this orientation visit is also to explain/collect the required documentation for the child (enrolment form, birth certificate, immunisation status/record and Medicare number). Educators/staff will also explain fee payment and communication, (newsletters, pockets, communication box, emails etc), what the child will need, the importance of labeling personal items and also shown the parent library where they can access the centre policies and other resources.
    Staff will discuss how best to tailor the child’s settling in period – with some parents choosing to gradually build up to a full day so the child is reassured that the parents will return to collect them.  Educators/staff will encourage parents to say goodbye when dropping off – and be reassured that if the child remains distressed over a period of time, that educators/staff will contact them.  Parents are able to stay as long as needed to reassure their child, but sometimes it’s easier for the educators/staff to settle the child on arrival, and for the parents to come earlier on collection to spend time with their child – rather than do this at drop off time.
    Parents will be kept informed about how their child is settling in on collection and are welcome to discuss any aspects with the educators/staff/director at a convenient time.
    Information on the Service’s child orientation policy will be available in different languages when required.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Child Protection Policy

     

    Aim
    Australia is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and many of the principles within the Convention are embedded within child protection legislation. Whilst Parents and Educators/Staff are responsible for the safety and welfare of children in their care, protecting children and young people from abuse and neglect is the responsibility of the whole community.
    Educators/staff at this service believe they have a responsibility to all children attending the Service to defend their right to care and protection. To support this right, the Service will follow the procedures covered within this policy, when dealing with any reportable allegations, to ensure the protection of all children attending the Education and Care Service. Approved Providers, Nominated Supervisors, Educators, and Staff Members are aware of their responsibilities to respond to every child at risk of abuse or neglect.
    The Service believes it also has a responsibility to its employees to defend their right to confidentiality unless allegations against them are substantiated. The Education and Care Service will ensure all groups affected by this policy, are aware of the roles and responsibilities that the Education and Care Service has in relation to Child Protection.
    The Education and Care Service will implement preventative procedures which protect and educate Children, Educators, Staff, Parents, and Community Members.
    The Education and Care Service will ensure that all requirements of Child Protection Legislation are being met.
    Under the Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 there are provisions where Education and Care Service staff, have child protection concerns about a child/ren. Education and Care Services play an important role in recognising and reporting child abuse and neglect, and in promoting the safety, welfare and well being of children. This legislation states that all people who hold a management position, or who are employees delivering Education and Care Services, are legally obliged to report any reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is at significant risk of harm.
    This means that if you work in an Education and Care Service you are a mandatory reporter. It also includes those involved in the management of an Education and Care Service.
    Legislative Requirements
    ·         Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 (NSW)
    ·         The Ombudsman’s Act 1974
    ·         Commission for Children and Young People Act 1998 (NSW)
    ·         Child Protection (Prohibited Employment) Act 1998
    ·         Child Protection (Offenders Registration) Act 2000 (NSW)
    ·         Crimes Act 1900
    ·         Family Law Act 1975 (Cth)
    ·         Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    ·         Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    ·         National Quality Standards 2011
    ·         United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
    ·         Children Legislation Amendment (Wood Inquiry Recommendations) Act 2009 No 13
    Who is affected by this policy?
    ·         Parents
    ·         Children
    ·         Educators
    ·         Management
    ·         Volunteers
    ·         Students
    ·         Ancillary Staff
    ·         Service Visitors
    ·         General Community
    Responsibilities

    Education and Care Services Staff

    ·                     Report any case where a child is suspected to be at risk of significant harm to       
    the Child Protection Helpline 133 627.
    ·                     Promote the safety, welfare and well being of children and young people at your
    service.
    ·                     Where concerns of harm do not meet the significant harm threshold, be aware of
    referring agencies for families.
    ·                     Be aware of the Mandatory Reporter Guide.
    ·                     Assist in supporting children and families in partnership with NSW Government
    Human Services Community Services and other government agencies.
    It is important to remember that all employees, members of staff and Educators (and Approved Provider) are mandatory reporters for NSW Government Human Services Community Services. The Education and Care Service procedure states that reports regarding a child at risk of significant harm are to be made by the Nominated Supervisor or Approved Provider. However, if the Nominated Supervisor or Approved Provider has not made a report to the Child Protection Hotline, you (Staff Member) continue to be legally responsible to do so.
    It is the responsibility of the person suspecting the risk of child protection to ensure that a report is made.
     

    Education and Care Services Employer
     

    ·         Ensure that all employees, members of staff or Educators are:
    -clear about their roles and responsibilities under current Acts and Regulations.
    -aware of their obligations to immediately report to the Child Protection Hotline a    child that they suspect is at risk of significant harm, and procedures for reporting.
    -Aware of indicators when a child may be at risk of harm of significant harm.
    ·         Provide training and development for all employees, members of staff or Educators in the recognition and reporting of suspected risk of harm.
    ·         Provide reporting procedures and professional standards for care and protection work generally.
    ·         Conduct the Working with Children Check.
    ·         Report to the NSW Ombudsman, any reportable allegations and convictions made against an employee,  volunteer or student and ensure that they are investigated by the Head of Agency, with the appropriate action to be taken in relation to finding.
    ·         Notify the Commission for Children and Young People details of employees, members of staff or Educators against whom relevant disciplinary proceedings have been completed, or of persons whose employment has been rejected primarily because of a risk identified in employment screening processes.
    ·         Enable employees, members of staff or Educators access to Acts, Regulations and procedures where this is necessary for them to fulfill their obligations.

    Other Agencies

    In dealing with Child Protection in Education and Care Services it may be necessary to work with other agencies, these agencies also have responsibilities – these responsibilities are;
     

    Child Protection Helpline 133 627
    ·         Receive and assess reports of children who are at risk of significant harm.
    ·         Investigate and assess reports where there is a likelihood of risk of significant harm to the child or a class of children.
    ·         In cases involving child sexual abuse or serious physical abuse, plan, conduct and manage, with Police (and NSW Health where a medical examination and/or counseling or support are needed), joint investigation, through Joint Investigation Response Teams (JIRT).
    ·         Provide, arrange and request care and / or support services for children and families.
    ·         Informs reporting agencies of the progress and outcomes of assessments and investigations as permitted by law, and as appropriate.
    Child Wellbeing Unit
    ·         To help and identify whether a case meets the new threshold of risk of significant harm

    NSW Ombudsman’s Office

    ·         Monitors the investigation of and in some cases investigates reportable allegations made against employees in government and non-government agencies, such as Education and Care services.
    ·         The Ombudsman must be notified of all allegations of abuse or neglect of a child by one of the employees.
    ·         For the purposes of the Ombudsman’s legislation an employee includes someone who is helping out as a volunteer.

    The Commission for Children and Young People

    ·            Monitors trends and makes recommendations to government and non-government agencies on legislation, policies, practices and services affection young children.
    ·            Provides guidelines relating to employment screening for child related employment and maintains database of relevant disciplinary proceedings.
    Implementation
    ·         Strategies for creating a child protective environment will be adopted and followed at the Centre.
    ·         Employer and employee responsibilities in relation to reportable allegations are included in staff handbooks.  These responsibilities are highlighted to new staff members at their induction. (Refer to information sheet on “Notification of those involved in Education and Care Services” –in this policy).
    ·         Staff members will be encouraged to attend training on child protection.
    ·         Any reportable allegations in respect of a child attending the Education and Care Service made against the head of agency or a staff member must be reported to the Ombudsman Office within 30 days after the day on which the allegation was made.

    Indicators of Abuse

    There are many indicators of child abuse and neglect. The following is a guide only. One indicator on its own may not imply abuse or neglect. Each indicator needs to be considered in the context of other indicators and the child’s circumstances.

    General indicators of abuse and neglect

    ·         marked delay between injury and seeking medical assistance
    ·         history of injury
    ·         the child gives some indication that the injury did not occur as stated
    ·         the child tells you someone has hurt him/her
    ·         the child tells you about someone he/she knows who has been hurt
    ·         someone (relative, friend, acquaintance, sibling) tells you that the child may have been abused
    Indicators of Neglect in children
    ·         poor standard of hygiene leading to social isolation
    ·         scavenging or stealing food
    ·         extreme longing for adult affection
    ·         lacking a sense of genuine interaction with others
    ·         acute separation anxiety
    ·         self comforting behaviors, e.g. rocking, sucking
    ·         delay in development milestones
    ·         untreated physical problems
    Indicators of Neglect in parents and caregivers
    ·         failure to provide adequate food, shelter, clothing, medical attention, hygiene or leaving the child inappropriately without supervision
    ·         inability to respond emotionally to the child
    ·         child abandonment
    ·         depriving or withholding physical contact
    ·         failure to provide psychological nurturing
    ·         treating one child differently to the others
    Indicators of Physical Abuse in children
    ·         facial, head and neck bruising
    ·         lacerations and welts
    ·         explanations are not consistent with injury
    ·         bruising or marks that may show the shape of an object
    ·         bite marks or scratches
    ·         multiple injuries or bruises
    ·         ingestion of poisonous substances, alcohol or drugs
    ·         sprains, twists, dislocations
    ·         bone fractures
    ·         burns and scalds
    Indicators of Physical Abuse in parents and caregivers
    ·         direct admissions from parents about fear of hurting their children
    ·         family history of violence
    ·         history of their own maltreatment as a child
    ·         repeated visits for medical assistance
    Indicators of Emotional Abuse in children
    ·         feeling of worthlessness about them
    ·         inability to value others
    ·         lack of trust in people and expectations
    ·         extreme attention seeking behaviors
    ·         other behavioral disorders (disruptiveness, aggressiveness, bullying)
    Indicators of Emotional Abuse in parents and caregivers
    ·         constant criticism, belittling, teasing of a child or ignoring or withholding praise and affection
    ·         excessive or unreasonable demands
    ·         persistent hostility, severe verbal abuse, rejection and scapegoating
    ·         belief that a particular child is bad or “evil”
    ·         using inappropriate physical or social isolation as punishment
    ·         exposure to domestic violence
    Indicators of Sexual Abuse in children
    ·         they describe sexual acts
    ·         direct or indirect disclosures
    ·         age inappropriate behaviour and/or persistent sexual behaviour
    ·         self destructive behaviour
    ·         regression in development achievements
    ·         child being in contact with a suspected or know perpetrator of sexual assault
    ·         bleeding from the vagina or anus
    ·         injuries such as tears to the genitalia
    Indicators of Sexual Abuse in parents, caregivers of anyone else associated with the child
    ·         exposing the child to sexual behaviours of others
    ·         suspected of or charged with child sexual abuse
    ·         inappropriate jealousy regarding age appropriate development of independence from the family
    ·         coercing the child to engage in sexual behaviour with other children
    ·         verbal threats of sexual abuse
    ·         exposing the child to pornography
    Indicators of Domestic Violence in children
    ·         show aggressive behaviour
    ·         develop phobias & insomnia
    ·         experience anxiety
    ·         show systems of depression
    ·         have diminished self esteem
    ·         demonstrate poor academic performance and problem solving skills
    ·         have reduced social competence skills including low levels of empathy
    ·         show emotional distress
    ·         have physical complaints
    What constitutes risk of significant harm?
    A child or young person is at risk of significant harm if the circumstances that are causing concern for the safety, welfare or well being of the child or young person are present to a significant state.
    This means the concern is sufficiently serious to warrant a response by a statutory authority (such as NSW Police Force or Community Services) irrespective of a family’s consent.
    What is significant is not minor or trivial and my reasonably be expected to produce a substantial and demonstrably adverse impact on the child or young person’s safety, welfare or wellbeing, or in the case of an unborn, after the child’s birth.
    The significance can result from a single act or omission or an accumulation of these.
    Concerns don’t meet the Risk of Significant Harm Threshold.
    Where concerns of harm do not meet the significant harm threshold, the centre should offer and coordinate assistance or make a referral to other services, using normal referral networks. Services may also be located through the Family Referral Services or through Human Services Net (HSNet) ServiceLink.
    The consent of the family should be sought before making referrals.

    Suspecting a Child is at Risk of Significant Harm

    Staff are to access the Mandatory Reporters Guide (www.keepthemsafe.nsw.gov.au) to decide if any if the following conditions are present to a significant risk of harm:

    • Physical abuse
    • Neglect
    • Supervision
    • Physical shelter/environment
    • Food
    • Medical care
    • Mental health care
    • Education
  • Sexual abuse
  • Problematic sexual behavior
  • Psychological harm
  • Relinquishing care
  • Carer concerns
    • Parent/carer substance abuse
    • Parent/carer mental health
    • Parent/carer domestic violence
  • Unborn child
  • If a staff member has reasonable grounds to suspect risk of significant harm, they are to use the Mandatory Reporter Guide to assess whether their concerns meet the threshold of risk of significant harm.
    If there is an immediate danger to the child the Police and/or the Child Protection Hotline should be contacted directly.
    Reasonable grounds refers to the need to have an objective basis for suspecting that a child or young person may be at risk of significant harm based on:

    • First hand observation of the child, young person or family
    • What the child, young person, parent or other person has disclosed
    • What can be reasonably inferred based on professional training and/ or experience.

    When the use of the Mandatory Reporter Guide advises risk of significant harm, mandatory reporter must make a report to the Child Protection Helpline.

    Documentation

    It is essential that the centre maintains well kept records to prepare and support its ability to make a report to Child Protection Helpline. Ensure that you have procedures that outline the purpose and format of record keeping, the retention of records for appropriate periods and the procedure for making a report.
    When notifying the Child Protection Helpline it is important to have as much information as possible available to give to the Helpline.
    The helpline will ask for the following information;
    Child’s Information

    • Name of the child or young person (or alias) or other means of identifying them
    • Age and date of birth (or approximation)
    • If the child is Indigenous
    • Cultural background of the child, language spoken, religion and other cultural factors
    • Name, age of other household children or young people
    • Address of child and family
    • If the child has a disability – nature/type, severity, impact on functioning
    • Is the child/young person subject of an Apprehended Violence Order?
    • Is the child or young person under the care of the minister or residing in out-of-home care?

    Family information

    • Name, age of parents/carer and household adults
    • Home and/or mobile phone number
    • Cultural background of parents, languages spoken, religion and other cultural factors
    • Information about parental risk factors and how they link to child’s risk of harm
    • Domestic violence
    • Alcohol or other drug misuse
    • Unmanaged mental health
    • Intellectual or other disability
    • Protective factors and family strengths
    • Non-offending carers’ capacity to protect child
    • Any previous suspicious death of a child or young person in the household?
    • Is the carer/parent pregnant?
    • Is the parent/carer subject of an Apprehended Violence order?
    • Description of the family structure.
    • Name, age, gender of siblings. Do siblings live with the child or young person?

    Reporters Details

    • Name, centre name, address, phone and email details
    • Position
    • Reasons for reporting today
    • Nature of contact with child or family
    • Nature of ongoing role with child or family (include frequency, duration and type)
    • If report is being made by someone else in the agency, name of the agency worker who sourced the report

    Other information

    • If parent knows of the report and their response
    • If child or young person knows about the report and their views
    • Information related to worker safety issues
    • Outcome of mandatory reporters guide

    Once a report is made to the Child Protection Helpline no further report needs to be made unless new information comes to hand.

    Notification of Abuse

    When a mandatory reporter has responsible suspicion of abuse they need to contact the Helpline and provide them with the necessary details. It is advisable to have all documentation needed available at the time of the call to ensure that all information can be given at once.
    Before making a report, mandatory reporters should consult the Mandatory Reporters Guide to assess whether a child or young person is at risk of significant harm.
    The Child Protection Helpline phone number for mandatory reporters is
    133627
    It is important that when making a notification that the notifier asks the following questions in relation to notification;
    ·                            Name of person at Helpline who you spoke to.
    ·                            What the next step in the process is to be.
    ·                            What confirmation will be sent to confirm the report has been made.
    ·                            Is there any further action you as the notifier need to take?

    Notification of those involved in Education and Care Services

    A situation may arise where someone involved in the provision of care for children in an Education and Care Service has witnessed, or has suspicion of another person involved in the provision of care for children in an Education and Care Service, of being the one that is abusing children. The same definition of abuse apply to those involved in Education and Care Services as they do for children’s suspected of abuse outside the service.
    Any person involved in the service is a mandatory reporter if they suspect someone involved in the service of abusing children. Any incident involving another person involved in the service must report the incident or suspicion to the Child Protection Helpline.
    The same details must be provided to the Helpline as previously listed.
    Your concerns should be raised with the Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor as part of the process of notification.
    Each service needs to develop a written procedure to ensure that staff are aware of the alternatives if the Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor is the person that is being notified to the Helpline. ALL staff are mandated to report suspicion of abuse even if it involves the Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor.
    As well as making the notification to the Helpline the service should contact their Assessment and Compliance Officer from the Department to inform them of the incident as it may also be a breach of the regulations and need to be investigated as a licensing matter.

    Confidentiality

    It is important that any notification remains confidential, as it is vitally important to remember that no confirmation of any allegation can be made until the matter is investigated.
    Safeguards for Reporters
    Reports to the Department of Education and Communities are confidential and the reporter’s identity is protected by law if the report is made in good faith. The law offers the following protections:

    • The report shall not be held to be breach of professional etiquette or ethics or a departure from acceptable standards of professional conduct.
    • No liability for defamation can be incurred because of making of report.
    • The report, or its contents, is not admissible in any proceedings as evidence against the person who made the report.
    • A person cannot be compelled by a court to provide the report or give any evidences as to its contents.
    • A report is exempt document under the Freedom of Information Act 1989.

    If law enforcement agencies require the identity of the reporter in order to investigate serious offences alleged to have been committed against children or young people, the identity of the reporter may be released to the Police.

    Disclosure

    At no time should the notifier inform the individual they have made the notification. This is to ensure that the matter can be investigated without prior knowledge and contamination of evidence.

    Further Information

    It is important that all staff are aware that when dealing with children involved in any issue relating to abuse that they are not questioned around the abuse as this may hinder the formal investigation into the situation. Additional information from children should not be coerced from children, simply keep record of their disclosure that can be used as part of the formal investigation.
    Information Exchange
    Staff will exchange information that relates to a child or young person’s safety, welfare or wellbeing, whether or not the child or young person is known to the Department of Education and Communities and whether or not the child or young person consents to the information exchange under Chapter 16A of the Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 when required.
    Chapter 16A also requires prescribed bodies to take reasonable steps to coordinate decision-making and the delivery of services regarding children and young people.

    Notification to the Ombudsman

    Special procedures are in place to deal with allegations of reportable conduct or convictions against employees of all government and certain non government agencies in NSW.
    The Ombudsman Act requires the Head of Agency (Approved Provider/Committee Members/ General Manager) to notify the Ombudsman within 30 days of becoming aware of any reportable allegations or conviction made against an employee involved in the provision of Education and Care Service. The Ombudsman needs to be informed of any reportable allegation regardless of the outcome and the confirmation or non-confirmation of the allegation, unless the investigation by the agency considers the allegation to be a trivial or negligible application of physical force.
    Visit www.ombo.nsw.gov.au for any forms required.
    Some matters are notifiable to the Ombudsman as an allegation of reportable conduct, but are only reportable to the Child Protection Helpline if there are also current concerns that a child or young person is at significant risk.

    Allegations against those involved in the service

    It is important that those responsible for the Service ensure that adequate support is available for those involved in the Service that allegations are made against and have been investigated. It is important to ensure that they are given the necessary and appropriate support needed to get through the process.

    Definitions

    Agency: The Education and Care Service
    Reportable Allegations: any sexual offence, or sexual misconduct, committed against, with or in the presence of a child (including a child pornography offence), any assault, ill treatment or neglect of a child, any behaviour that causes psychological harm to a child.  
    Employee of Agency: There are two groups of people who are considered to be employees and who may have reportable allegations made against them or be the subject of a reportable conviction.
    These two groups are:
    ·         any employee of the agency, whether or not employed in connection with any work or activities of the agency that relates to children, and
    ·         any individual engaged by the agency to provide services to children, including in the capacity as:
    -          a volunteer
    -          Contractors
    -          sub-contractors
    -          volunteers
    -          work experience participants, students on placements, eg TAFE, secondary or tertiary students
    Head of Agency: the Approved Provider of the Service or nominated person
    Further Knowledge
    Further information can be obtained through;
    Child Protection Help Line 133627
    Child Wellbeing Unit
    Human Services www.hsnet.nsw.gov.au/login/Servicelink.aspx
    Association of Children’s Welfare Agencies www.acwa.asn.au
    www.keepthemsafe.nsw.gov.au
    As well as obtaining relevant resources for the service it is vitally important that those involved in Education and Care Services are given adequate training in identifying child abuse as well as the process for reporting it.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
    NSW Government Family and Community Services
    The Commission for Children and Young People www.kids.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    NSW Ombudsman Child Protection in the Workplace - Responding to allegations against employees. www.ombo.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    Keep Them Safe www.keepthemsafe.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    Child Wellbeing & Child Protection NSW Interagency Guidelines
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                         Date for next review: May 2014

    Clothing Policy

    Aim
     
    Edgeworth Child Care Centre understands the way children are dressed for care, can affect them in many ways and impact on their participation throughout the day, their safety and comfort. The type of clothing children wear, can also assist or inhibit their independence at routines. Educators/staff will respect children’s individual choices and also facilitate any cultural practices within safety limits.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Staff
    Parents
    Management
    Implementation
    Children:
    ·        Children should be dressed in clothes which allow them to explore and play freely and not restrict them using equipment while at play.
    ·        Clothing should also allow easy access for toileting i.e. elasticised trousers, track pants, shorts - instead of buttons, zips, belts etc.
    ·        Children will be encouraged to use aprons for messy play and art experiences to protect clothing. For this reason it is important to not send the children in their best clothes.
    ·        Children should be appropriately protected from the sun during outdoor play- please refer to sun safety policy for details on appropriate hats and clothing.
    ·        Children’s clothing should accommodate weather conditions i.e. be loose and cool in summer to prevent overheating, and warm enough for cold weather – including outdoor play. At all times educators/staff will monitor children to ensure they are appropriately dressed for all weather conditions.
    ·        Children should have appropriate footwear that enables them to play comfortably and not cause safety concerns i.e. thongs, clogs or backless shoes have a trip factor and do not allow children to use equipment safely.
    ·        Comfortable and non- restrictive clothing is important at sleep time to promote your child’s comfort at this time of the day.
    ·        The Service will maintain a collection of suitable spare clothing should it be required.
    ·        All clothing and belongings must be clearly labeled with the child’s name.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    The Cancer Council www.cancercouncil.com.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    WorkCover NSW www.workcover.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                       Date for next review: April 2014

    Comfortable Sleep/ Rest for Children over Two Year old Policy

    Aim
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor of Edgeworth Child Care Centre will take reasonable steps to ensure that the needs for sleep and rest of children being educated and cared for are met, having regard to the ages, developmental stages and individual needs of the children. Educators/staff at this Service believe that sleep, rest and relaxation are an integral part in a child’s growth and development, therefore we encourage all children to have at least a short period of rest.  The Service makes provision so that each child may do so. The routine provides time during the day for rest, sleep, relaxation and quiet activities.  However we also accommodate individual needs for rest outside this time.  Holistic approaches recognise the connectedness of mind, body and spirit.  Educators/staff provide a range of active and restful experiences throughout the day and support children to make appropriate decisions regarding their participation in activities and experiences.
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
    At Edgeworth Child Care Centre we acknowledge the individual needs of families and their children in regards to rest and sleep.  We seek to work together to effectively cater for your child’s needs.
    Parents/guardians are to advise educators/staff at enrolment of any special patterns or cultural practices that your child has which will enable us to maintain consistency and continuity with practices at home. It is also important to update this information throughout your child’s time in care or as special circumstances arise – e.g. your child had a restless night and may need to go to sleep earlier, or your child slept in and may not need a sleep. You can do this verbally or in the communication book.
    Educators/staff endeavor to ensure sleep and rest routines are positive experiences. This is achieved by encouraging children to bring a favorite toy or other comforters, familiar bedding, as well as the use of soft music.  Educators/staff interactions also facilitate a positive atmosphere.  Educators/staff will also provide feedback about your child’s sleep patterns via the eat/sleep charts or day book, and verbally as required.
    Educators/staff will not force a child to sleep nor will they deprive a child from sleeping. 
    Please provide bedding for your child as per policy on bed linen.
    Current information on sleep equipment and safe sleeping practices from recognised authorities is available to staff and families.
    Safe resting practices for 2 to 5 years
    •       Children will be placed on their back to rest, unless otherwise directed in writing by the child’s medical practitioner.
    •       If a child turns over during their sleep, allow them to find their own sleeping position, but always lay them on their back when first placing them to rest.
    •       At no time will a child’s face be covered with bed linen.
    •       Light bedding is the preferred option, which must be tucked in to prevent the child from pulling bed linen over their face.
    •       Provision is made for children who do not sleep to engage in quiet activities such as looking at books, and quiet table activities.
    Educators/staff will at all times meet the National Regulations:
    ·        To ensure that bedding is arranged to prevent cross infection.
    ·        Allow easy access and exit of children.
    ·        The sleep/rest area is adequately ventilated and has natural light.
    ·        No children over the age of seven sleep in the same room with any child of the opposite sex. 
    ·        No child sleeps in the same room that an adult sleeps in.
    All beds and mattresses will be appropriately cleaned and maintained.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    The Early Years Learning Framework
    Sids and Kids www.sidsandkids.org Retrieved 30 04 13
    Better Health Channel www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Raising Children website www.raisingchildren.net.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Continuity of Care Policy

    Aim
    At Edgeworth Child Care Centre we aim to promote continuity of care and security for the children attending the Service in the absence of primary carers. Staffing arrangements create a safe and predictable environment for children and support warm, respectful relationships.  Qualified and experienced educators, staff and coordinators, encourage children’s active engagement in the learning program. Positive relationships among educators, coordinators and staff members contribute to an environment where children feel emotionally safe, secure and happy.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Families
    Implementation
    Edgeworth Child Care Centre makes use of casual staff from a variety of sources; including the casual staff pool, past students, and at times agencies.
    Prior to commencing any casual work, relief staff will be invited to visit the Service and familiarise themselves with the setting as part of an induction process.  All staff including relief staff will also be required to complete relevant prohibited person’s checks in accordance with licensing regulations.
    Casual staff will be provided with access to Service’s policies and procedures, staff handbook, as well as description of their roles and responsibilities whilst at the Service.
    The Service will aim to use the same pool of casual staff in the absence of permanent staff and encourages casual staff to become familiar with the Service, staff, children and families, as well as routines.  Where possible, relief staff will be employed on the same day of the week to help them develop closer understanding of the children attending that day, and to help the children develop relationships with these casual staff.
    New casual staff will be encouraged to display a photo and short introduction of themselves.  This will help identify new staff to children and their families.  Staff will advise parents and guardians of any changes to staffing patterns via newsletters and where possible before these changes occur.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                                           Date for next review: April 2014

    Death of a Child Policy

    Aim
    In the tragic event that a child dies at the Education and Care Service, there are certain protocols which must be followed for legal purposes and for the concern of all other persons involved. The Educators/Staff will ensure immediate and appropriate action is taken to notify relevant authorities in the event of the death of a child.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
    Educators/Staff will follow this procedure:
    ·         Assess the situation as per service protocols for any immediate danger to other children and staff
    ·         Attempt CPR as per recommended guidelines by only trained first aid staff
    ·         Call 000 ask for an Ambulance immediately
    ·         The Responsible Person will call parents and arrange to meet at the Hospital
    ·         Medical staff will advise parents
    ·         Contact Insurance Company
    ·         Notify Police Department

    ·         Notify the NSW Department of Education and Communities 

    ·         Notify Approved Provider
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                  Date for next review: April 2014

    Guiding Children’s Behaviour Policy

    Aim
    The Education and Care Service will provide a secure, loving and stimulating environment which encourages children to co-operate enhances their self- esteem, encourages their ability to interact with others, and where acceptable behaviour is promoted, any recriminations are kept to a minimum.  Where a child continues to behave in an unacceptable manner, parents/guardians will be consulted and asked to work with the educators/staff to ensure discipline techniques are consistent and clear.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Children and Young Person (Care and Protection) Act 1998
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Parents
    Educators
    Management
    Implementation
    Educators/staff by using a positive approach in guidance and discipline, will recognise why a child behaves in a certain way and will encourage more acceptable forms of behaviour.
    At   [insert name] we encourage positive, co-operative behaviour through:
    ·         Establishing trust and confidence between adult and child.
    ·         Considering the stage of development of each child.
    ·         Considering the interests, concerns and abilities of the individual child.
    ·         Showing sensitivity to the child’s background and current home situations.
    ·         Examining the reason behind the behaviour.
    ·         Getting down to the child’s level to establish and maintain eye contact.
    ·         Using language that is positive, clear and developmentally appropriate for the child in question.
    ·         Being consistent with behaviour expectations.
    ·         Setting limits and reminding children of them regularly or whenever necessary.
    ·         Involving the children in the setting of limits and explaining as to why a certain type of behaviour is unacceptable eg: other children’s and educator’s safety.
    ·         Encouraging the children to show sympathy for children experiencing difficulties.
    ·         Guidance and discipline to encourage individuality and confidence of children to enhance their self-esteem.
    ·         Offering the children clear alternatives to help them develop their ability to make decisions and direct themselves.
    ·         Positive modelling by Educators/Staff Eg: “sand stays in the sand pit” rather than “don’t throw sand”, and by showing the child how to dig in the sand.
    ·         Discussing with parents/guardians the Behaviour Management Policy and seek their assistance for solutions should the need arise.
    THE USE OF PHYSICAL FORCE, EMBARRASSMENT, SARCASM, PROLONGED PUNISHMENT, IS NEVER PRACTISED.
     

     

    WHEN PREVENTION DOESN’T WORK:
    Try to distract/diffuse a situation, giving the child an out:
    ·         Use “do” instead of “don’t”, giving a simple explanation. (if the child persists use the word “stop” reinforced with the stop hand signal and explain positively what they should be doing).
    ·         Always talk about the behaviour being inappropriate, not the child personally (eg. Avoid saying, bad, naughty, silly etc.).
    ·         Use a firm, calm manner, indicating what you expect from the child, presenting it to the child as a choice wherever possible - “if you choose to do “X” …………… I will have to ……………………” Lowering your voice gains attention. Shouting may scare the child.
    ·         Allow time for the child to comply with the request.
    ·         Be clear about the consequences for the child, e.g. removal from situations, help clean up the “mess”.
    ·         Follow through with consequences!
    ·         If it becomes necessary, Educators/Staff will gently remove the disruptive child from a group or activity until such time as the child has settled down and able to return to the group or activity.
    Keep the Nominated Supervisor aware of on-going situations; keep a written record of continuing incidents.
    ANTI-SOCIAL/PHYSICAL BEHAVIOURS
    Educators/Staff should explain to children that biting, hitting, pushing and kicking are not acceptable. If a child wants to hit or punch then they can use the playdough or punching bag to take out aggression. If the child wants to kick they can kick a ball.
    With older children, encourage them to use problem-solving skills and to verbalise feelings instead.
    If a child becomes aggressive remove them from the activity (suitable distance so as not to hurt other children); stay with them until they quieten down. Comfort when rage subsides. Some good activities if a child is aggressive are play dough, clay, hammering, bowling etc.
    Always look for reasons behind belligerent behaviours and address the issues as a part of further planning (eg. Biting could be a result of teething or not having the communication skills to tell a peer that they are taking their toy. Kicking could be a part of power play etc.). Make sure you focus attention on the child who has been hurt. Children who have hurt another child can often be encouraged to help comfort or assist the hurt child (get a tissue, hold the ice pack etc.)
    WHEN MANAGEMENT IS NOT WORKING:
    ·         Discuss problems with Educators/Staff - where appropriate (confidentiality is observed).
    ·         Written methods are implemented.
    ·         Difficulties are discussed with parents/guardians, to discuss appropriate strategies.
    ·         Early Intervention Professionals are consulted with parent/guardian permission.
    ·         Educators/Staff to implement program directives from Early Intervention.
    ·         Other professionals and support groups to be consulted where necessary.
    GUIDELINES FOR DIRECTOR INTERVENTION
    If a child’s behaviour is continually anti-social or aggressive and is putting other children’s or educators/staff’s health at risk, then the following procedures will be followed:
    ·         The child’s parents/guardian will be continually informed of the incidents.
    ·         A time will be made where it is appropriate for the child’s carer and parents/guardians to discuss the issues.
    ·         A behaviour management program will be implemented and carried out by Educators/Staff and parents/guardians. External help may be sought if necessary.
    ·         This program will be continually evaluated by Educators/Staff, Director and parents/guardians.
    ·         If the behaviour does not appear to be improving the Director may refer the parents/guardians to a support network (eg. Inclusion Support Unit etc.)
    ·         It may be necessary for the parent/guardian/authorised nominee to collect their child early if other children or educators/staff are put at risk of harm.
    ·         If after a reasonable period of time the child’s behaviour is not improving, the Director and educators/staff will consult with parent/guardians in supporting them to find a more appropriate service.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Children’s and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 www.kids.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Raising Children Network  www.raisingchildren.net.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Early Childhood Australia www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Interactions and Relationships with Children Policy

    Aim
    Educators/staff and coordinators at Edgeworth Child Care Centre are intentional, purposeful and thoughtful in their decisions and actions.  They engage in reflective practice as a form of ongoing learning that involves engaging with questions of philosophy, ethics and practice. Educators/staff aim to ensure that all interactions with children are positive and conducive to their wellbeing, which convey mutual respect, equity and recognition of each child’s strength and skills. Positive peer interactions are encouraged and observed. This interaction is encouraged between all children who attend the Education and Care Service. The mixing of age groups is accepted and encouraged and configured to provide for each child’s comfort and to minimise the risk of overcrowding, while providing adequate supervision as required by the Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Educators
    Implementation
    Educators/Staff to Children interaction:
    -          Relationships that are responsive, respectful and promote children’s sense of security and belonging, free them to explore the environment and engage in learning.
    -          Educators/staff need to communicate closely with parents/guardians to determine how individual children indicate their needs, such as: hunger, toileting, tiredness, and emotions (happiness, sadness, frustration).
    -          Tantrums can occur as a way of releasing frustration. Educators/staff must allow a child to calm down and then reassure the child. The Educator/staff member can simply discuss what has happened with the child and then give an alternative behaviour. For example: “If you are being hurt, next time come and tell me”.
    -          A toddler’s need for emerging independence should be encouraged where possible, Educators/staff can utilise routine activities to initiate meaningful interactions.
    -          Most toddlers’ have a need for affection and reassurance. Toddlers can often become frustrated, and are affected by separation from family. Educators/staff need to be responsive to this in ways appropriate to each individual family.
    -          Preschoolers may appear very sure of themselves at times, however, they still need affection. Educators/staff should interact appropriately to each individual child.
    -          Conversations should be two-sided, and Educators/staff should show children that their ideas and comments are valued.
    -          Educators/staff should build a rapport with the children and families. This can be achieved with the children by asking them what they did on the weekend, what their pet did last night ect. In return share some of your stories of what you (the Educator) did as well.
    -          Allow time to talk to parents/guardians as they can provide valuable information about their child’s culture, family life, likes/dislikes, and interests.
    -          Use positive guidance. Tell children what you want them to do – “We walk inside” rather than “No running”.
    -          Give the children something to look forward to: “Today we…”  This enables children to feel proud of their learning.
    -          Be attentive to all children, at all times. A look or smile is all children need to know that they are being noticed and valued without having to resort to attention seeking behaviour.
    -          Educators/staff members should be honest in showing their feelings. If educators/staff members are feeling frustrated, ill or getting impatient, they should be able to discuss these feelings with the children in a non-threatening way. Use “I” messages to explain your concerns and enlist the children’s help.
    Children to Children interaction:
    Educators/staff will support and encourage children to:
    -          Build and maintain sensitive and responsive relationships with other children and adults.
    -          Verbalise feelings and ideas.
    -          Listen to other children.
    -          Show respect for others.
    -          Develop good social skills.
    -          Accept others of different culture, race and religion.
    -          Be co-operative.
    -          Have good relationships with each other.
    -          Share experiences.
    -          Show acceptance of routines.
    -          Seek help when frustrated.
    -          Interact with other children.
    -          Be relaxed and happy with each other.
    -          Contribute to activities and participate.
    -          Respond to positive discipline practice.
    -          Feel comfortable with themselves.
    -          Respect other children’s space and privacy.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Early Years Learning Framework
    Raising Children Network www.raisingchildren.net.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Nappy Change & Toileting Policy

    Aim
    Edgeworth Child Care Centre accepts enrolments of children who are not yet toilet trained – and has the appropriate facilities to accommodate these. Educators/staff acknowledge the importance of working closely with families to ensure the needs of the child are met – including any cultural practices staff may need to be aware of. The Approved Provider will ensure that adequate, developmentally and age appropriate toilet, washing and drying facilities are provided for use by children being educated and cared for by the Service. Further, the design of the toilets, washing and drying facilities enable safe use and convenient access by the children.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Educators
    Implementation
    Toileting and nappy changing will be carried out at regular intervals throughout the day (or as needed). Children who are in nappies will have details of this recorded on the ‘lunch order day sheet’.  This recorded information will be returned to parents in the afternoon. Staff will also be aware of and accommodate the possible need to maintain privacy when toileting and dressing.
    Nappy changing and toileting will only be carried out by permanent Educators/staff, following the nappy changing procedure outline by the National Health and Medical Research Council. At times it may be required that a student carries out the nappy change as part of practical requirements, where an Educator/staff will always be present and monitor this.  In addition if a parent is present and helping their child (toileting in the bathroom), an Educator/staff member is required to accompany any other children needing to use the bathroom at the same time.
    At all times, appropriate hygiene practices will be maintained, and procedures followed to minimise the risk of infection. Educators/staff will always model and promote healthy hygiene practices and hand washing procedures, discussing these with the children and encouraging the children to follow these practices.
     The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Staying Healthy in Child Care 5th Edition 2013
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                         Date for next review: May 2014

    Priority of Access Policy

    Aim
    By following the Australian Governments- Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations: Priority of Access Guidelines, our aim is to provide an Education and Care Service that allocates places to those families with the greatest need for childcare support.
     
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Staff
    Parents
    Management
    Implementation
    Children enrolled at Edgeworth Child Care Centre will be given Priority of Access in accordance to the guidelines set by the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.
    They set out the following three levels of priority, which the Education and Care Service must follow when filling vacant places:
    ·        Priority 1    a child at risk of serious abuse or neglect
    ·        Priority 2    a child of a single parent who satisfies, or of parents who both satisfy, the work/training/study test under section 14 of the A New Tax System (Family Assistance) Act 1999
    ·        Priority 3    any other child
    Within these main categories, priority should also be given to the following children:
    ·        Children in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families
    ·        Children in families which include a disabled person
    ·        Children in families which include an individual whose adjusted taxable income does not exceed the lower income threshold or who’s partner are on income support
    ·        Children in families from a non-English speaking background
    ·        Children in socially isolated families
    ·        Children of single parents
    On enrolment parents will be notified of their priority and advised that it the Service has no vacancies and their child’s position is a priority 3 under the Priority of Access Guideline, it may
    be required that their child leave or reduce their days in order for the Service to provide a place for a higher priority child.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Children’s and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998
    Child Care Services Handbook 2011-2012
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                               Date for next review: April 2014

    Protective Behaviours Policy

    Aim
    Protective behaviour strategies will be incorporated into our everyday programs. It is important that Children and Young People develop personal safety skills from a well presented and well-structured Personal Safety Program.
    Below are the aims and the beliefs the Education and Care Service holds as to why protective behaviour is a vital part of living skills for all children.
    ·         Children will be able to recognise their feelings and express them verbally using the “I” message. (i.e. I feel…when… rather than saying You make me feel…).
    ·         Children will be able to express their feelings in a variety of acceptable ways both verbally and non-verbally and that Educators/Staff will listen and respond appropriately.
    ·         Children will understand that they can choose to change the way they are feeling.
    ·         Children understand that “safe” is the way they have a right to feel all the times.
    ·         Children recognise the first physical signs indicating that they need to take extra care and think clearly.
    ·         Children learn to distinguish between the “fun scared” feeling of adventure and appropriate risk taking and the “scared” feeling of danger which is not O.K.
    ·         Children use their own skills to help themselves feel safe again whenever they can.
    ·         That all who come to visit the Education and Care Service, adults as well as children, find it a safe place to be or visit.
    Beliefs
    ·         Children are people who feel the same range of emotions as adults.
    ·         Children’s emotions are real, and need to be expressed and accepted by adults.
    ·         That the response of adults to children’s early expressions of feelings is a vital component in the development of trust, self-esteem, and self-confidence.
    ·         When the responses of adults “match” the expressed needs of the child, healthy communication is encouraged.
    ·         That being in charge of feelings is an important component in the process of developing self-confidence and responsibility.
    ·         That there are physical sensations which occur in response to various emotional states – including fear.
    ·         Young children are very aware of the signals which their bodies give them in these situations.
    ·         Adults have the power to enhance or destroy the child’s responsiveness to these signals.
    ·         Children who retain and enhance their responsiveness to their body signals are more able to foresee possible threatening situations, and avoid them, or ask for help.
    “We all have the right to feel safe all the time”.
    “Nothing is so awful that we can’t talk about it with someone we can trust”.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Children’s and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Parents
    Staff
    Management
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Children’s and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Protective Behaviours Consultancy Group of NSW www.protective-behaviours.org.au
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Safe Sleeping for Under Two’s Policy

    Aim
    Edgeworth Child Care Centre believe that providing a safe sleeping environment is essential to health and safety of the children. Research has found that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is the most common cause of death in babies between one month and one year of age. Most babies who die of SIDS are under six months, with more babies dying of SIDS in winter than in summer.
    Legislative Requirements

    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Staff
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
    At Edgeworth Child Care Centre we acknowledge the individual needs of families and their children in regards to rest and sleep.  We seek to work together to effectively cater for your child’s needs.
    Parents/guardians are to advise staff at enrolment of any special patterns or cultural practices that your child has which will enable us to maintain consistency and continuity with practices at home.   It is also important to update this information throughout your child’s time in care or as special circumstances arise – e.g. your child had a restless night and may need to go to sleep earlier; your child slept in and may not need a sleep…. You can do this verbally or in the communication book.
    The following procedures will be followed when putting the child into a cot/bed:

    • The baby will be placed on their back to sleep at all times.
    • Sleep baby with face uncovered.
    • Put babies’ feet at the bottom of the cot.
    • No quilts, doonas, duvets, pillows and cot bumpers will be allowed in the cots.
    • No toys allowed in the cots.
    • Bed clothing is appropriate to weather.

    All cots will comply with the requirements of either the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2172:2010: Cots for household use – safety requirements or the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2195:2010: Folding cots-Safety requirements
    A firm clean mattress that fits snuggly in the cot will be used at all times. This will be checked annually to ensure standards are met.
    A safe sleeping procedure will be placed in the cot room in order for permanent educators/staff and casual staff to follow at all times.
    Current information on sleep equipment and safe sleeping practices from Recognised Authorities is available to staff and families.
    Educators/Staff will at all times meet the Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011:
    ·        To ensure that bedding is arranged to prevent cross infection.
    ·        To allow easy access and exit of children.
    ·        To ensure that the sleep/rest area is adequately ventilated and has natural light.
    ·        No children over the age of seven sleep in the same room with any child of the opposite sex. 
    ·        No child sleeps in the same room that an adult sleeps in.
    All beds and mattresses will be appropriately cleaned and maintained.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Sids and Kids www.sidsandkids.org 1300 308 307 Retrieved 30 04 13
    Standards Australia www.standards.org.au
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Severe Allergy Policy

    Aim
    Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction with symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, swelling of the tongue, swelling or tightness in the throat, rash, and loss of consciousness. It is a life-threatening condition that requires emergency treatment. Common substances which can cause severe allergic reaction include bee stings, insect bites, nuts, eggs, fish, drugs etc. Edgeworth Child Care Centre aims to minimise substances that have the potential to cause a severe allergic reaction to the children who attend the Education and Care Service.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Families
    Educators
    Management
    Implementation
    Anaphylaxis occurs infrequently. However, it is life-threatening and can occur at any time. Milder forms of anaphylaxis occur much more frequently than fatal anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis occurs in all age groups. While prior exposure to allergens is essential for the development of true anaphylaxis, severe allergic reactions occur even when no documented prior exposure exists.
    Severe allergic reactions are usually triggered by a limited number of allergic exposures. These include injection, swallowing, inhaling or skin contact with an allergen by a severely allergic individual.

    Examples of injected allergens are bee, hornet, wasp and yellow jacket stings; certain vaccines that have been prepared on an egg medium; and allergen extracts used for diagnosis and treatment of allergic conditions. Antibiotics such as penicillin can trigger a reaction by injection or swallowing.

    Typically, a severe reaction caused by a food allergy occurs after eating that particular food, even a small bite. Allergy to nuts is an example. Skin contact with the food rarely causes anaphylaxis. Foods most commonly associated with anaphylaxis are nuts, seafood, and, in children particularly, eggs and cow’s milk.
    Signs and Symptoms:
    The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis may occur almost immediately after exposure or within the first 20 minutes after exposure. Rapid onset and development of potentially life threatening symptoms are characteristic markers of anaphylaxis. Allergic symptoms may initially appear mild or moderate but can progress rapidly. The most dangerous allergic reactions involve the lungs and/or heart/vessel system.
    Immediate management:

    Anaphylaxis is an emergency condition requiring immediate professional medical attention. Adrenaline is a drug that should be given by injection without delay. Adrenaline comes in multiple formats, one of them called EpiPen® that might be carried by individuals. Educators/Staff should be trained in the administration of an EpiPen®. CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation) should be initiated if needed. Antihistamines may be given to further reduce symptoms (after lifesaving measures and adrenaline are administered).
    Steps on the prevention of severe allergic reactions:
    ·         Obtain medical information at the time of enrolment of the child on any identified allergies. Ask the parent/guardian for supporting documentation and action plan. The action plan should include:
      Clear identification of the child (photo).
      Documentation of the allergic triggers.
      Documentation of the first aid response including any prescribed medication.
      Identification and contact details of the doctor who has signed the action plan.

    • Education of early childhood staff to recognise the risk and understanding the steps that can be taken to minimise food anaphylaxis by all those responsible for the care of the child. Instruction on EpiPen® use should also be included in the training provided by appropriately qualified professionals.

    • The Approved Provider must ensure that the following persons are in attendance at any place where children are being educated and cared for by the Service, and immediately available in an emergency. At all times that children are being educated and cared for by the Service: at least one Educator/Staff member who holds a current approved first aid qualification and has undertaken current approved anaphylaxis management training.

    ·         Practical strategies to avoid exposure to known triggers. Avoidance of specific triggers is the basis of anaphylaxis prevention. It is not recommended that children with a food allergy be physically isolated from other children. At the Education and Care Service, children are dependent on Educators and staff to provide a safe environment.
    o        There should be no trading and sharing of food, food utensils and food containers.
    o         It is ideal that children with severe food allergies should only eat lunches and snacks that have been prepared at home.
    o        Bottles, other drinks and lunch boxes provided by the parent/guardians for their children should be clearly labelled with the name of the child for whom they are intended.
    o        The use of food in crafts, cooking classes and science experiments may need to be restricted depending on the allergies of particular children.
    o        Food preparation staff should be instructed about measures necessary to prevent cross contamination during the handling, preparation and serving of food. Examples would include the careful cleaning of food preparation areas after use and cleaning of utensils when preparing allergenic foods.
    o        Parent/guardians will be asked not to send food containing highly allergenic foods such as egg and nut products to the Service.
    o        In some circumstances it may be appropriate that a highly allergic child does not sit at tables where the food to which they are allergic is being served.
    o        The meal prepared for all children should not contain ingredients such as milk, egg and nut products to which the child is at risk.
    o        Food removal from the Education and Care Service should only occur following recommendation by a relevant medical specialist, and provision of documentation of this recommendation.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Anaphylaxis Australia www.allergyfacts.org.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Nutrition Australia www.nutritionaustralia.org Retrieved 30 04 13
    NSW Health www.health.nsw.gov.au Retrieved 30 04 13
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                           Date for next review: April 2014

    Sun Protection Policy

    Aim
    High risk of unprotected sun exposure in the first fifteen years of life significantly increases a child’s risk of developing skin cancer later in life. The Education and Care Services aim, is to help minimise these risks to children, educators/staff, and to help educate families about sun protection.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Educators
    Children
    Parents
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
    ·        Develop positive attitudes towards skin protection.
    ·        Develop awareness of lifestyle practices which can reduce the incidence of skin cancer.
    ·        Promote personal responsibility for decision making about skin protection.
    ·        Increase awareness of the need for environment changes in Education and Care Services to reduce the levels of exposure to the sun.
    ·        Required the wearing of “sun-safe” hats when outdoors, and on excursions. Appropriate hats include:
    ·        Broad brimmed hat (brim at least 6cm), a legionnaire hat, a bucket style hat with a deep crown and brim at least 5cm. (caps are not recommended due to inadequate protection to the neck, cheek and ears).
    ·        Encourage the wearing of longer length shirts with collars and sleeves that are made from closely woven fibre and longer length shorts, by children, educators and staff (midriff and singlet tops/dresses are not recommended due to inadequate coverage).
    ·        Provide and use SPF 30+ broad spectrum water resistant on exposed areas of skin, to be applied by parents in the morning prior to or on arrival. Educators/Staff to help children apply sunscreen again 20 minutes before going outdoors in the afternoon.
    ·        Posters will be displayed to show correct application of sunscreen.
    ·        Outdoor play will be planned to occur in shaded areas and moved throughout the day to take advantage of shade patterns.
    ·        A NO HAT – PLAY IN THE SHADE policy will be implemented where children without hats remain under covered areas.
    ·        Babies under 12 months will not be exposed to direct sunlight and will remain in dense shade when outside.
    ·        Educators/Staff are to model appropriate sun safe practices. Sun safe broad brimmed hats, shirts with sleeves and collars, and sunscreen are to be worn at all times. Visitors will also be required to do the same.
    ·        Services will minimise outdoor play between 11am and 3pm (October to March). Sun protection is required at all times. From April to September children will be able to go outdoors at any time however, from 10am to 2pm sun protection will be required.
    ·        *In June & July, the daily UV Index will be checked, www.bom.gov.au/weather/uv .If under 3, sun protection is not required.
    o    The Service will take extra care with children who have very fair skin.
    o    The children will have the opportunity to access outdoors at all times during the day with sun protection being used to encourage the continuity of good practice.
    ·        The sun protection policy will operate throughout the year.
    ·        Sun safety will be incorporated into the program to help educate children and instill positive attitudes and practices. Information will also be sent home to parent/guardians and families to help educate and encourage parent/guardians to adopt these practices. For Support and free resources go to www.cancercouncil.com.au/sunsmart or call the SunSmart Information Line on 02 9334 1761.
    ·        When replacing shade, the Service will carry out a shade audit to maximise and effectively use shade products.
    ·        The sun protection policy must be available to staff, families and visitors
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    National Health and Medical Research Council www.nhmrc.gov.au
    NSW Department of Health www.health.nsw.gov.au
    Cancer Council NSW www.cancercouncil.com.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                         Date for next review: May 2014

    Supervision of Children Policy

    Aim
    Edgeworth child care centre will provide adequate supervision to all the children while attending the Education and Care Service. Adequate supervision of children takes into consideration the safety and welfare of every child.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Educators
    Family
    Volunteers
    Students
    Management
    Implementation
    All Educators, permanent and relief staff, will be made aware of this policy regarding adequate and responsible supervision of children during their staff induction.
    Staff shifts and routines will at all times provide for enough staff to be available for the adequate supervision of children.
    At no time will students, volunteers, or persons employed under the age of 18 years be included in the ratio of adults supervising children.
    Students, volunteers and persons employed under the age of 18 years, will never be left alone with a child or a group of children.
    In any situation where adequate supervision of children is compromised, any educator/staff member on crib or lunch breaks must be prepared to be recalled to perform this function.
     The Nominated Supervisor will ensure that the Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011,      Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010 and the National Quality Standards 2011 in relation to the supervision of children are adhered to.
    INDOORS
    A minimum of two Educators/Staff (at least one being a permanent Educator) will provide supervision when children are indoors.
    Supervising Educators/Staff should give their attention to the children and not to other duties.
    When children are resting or sleeping they will be supervised at all times having regard to their ages and physical and intellectual development. Educators/staff ensuring that sleeping infants are closely monitored and that all sleeping children are within hearing range and observed.
    During hand washing and/or toilet times children will be supervised in the bathroom area.
    Toddlers and children undergoing toilet training will not be left unsupervised in the bathroom.
    No child is to be left unattended at the table when eating.
    OUTDOORS
    A minimum of two Educators/staff (at least one being a permanent Educator) will provide supervision when children are outdoors.
    Where one Educator/staff is called inside for any reason, they must wait until a replacement Educator/staff member is outdoors, before going inside.
    When supervising outdoors, Educators/staff will position themselves to maximise their view of as much play area as possible.
    One Educator/staff member should be positioned alongside the climbing equipment as often as possible.
    Where there is any water activity provided, one educator/staff member will supervise this area at all times.
    Except for brief discussions or concerns regarding children or matters relating to the service, Educators/staff will not congregate outside.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 30 April 2013                                   Date for next review: April 2014

    Uncollected Child Policy

    Aim
    To ensure that all children are cared for in a safe and secure manner at all times, if they have not been collected as at closing time two Educators/staff will reassure, and keep the child comforted and occupied  where possible.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    National Quality Standards 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Child
    Families
    Educators
    Implementation
    ·        The Educators/Staff will first endeavor to contact the child’s Parent’s/Guardian’s and nominated emergency contacts who are authorised to collect the child.
    ·        If unsuccessful in contacting any of the above mentioned people, the Educators/Staff will call the local police to seek information about any incidents or accidents that may have delayed the parents/guardians (or persons collecting).
    ·        Contact Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor.
    ·        The Educators/Staff will contact the Child Protection Helpline on 132 111, for advice and support.
    ·        Two Educators/Staff must remain with the child at all times.
    ·        If the child is to be taken from the Service, the Police or NSW Government Family and Community Services will be responsible for the child’s safe transportation. The Educators/Staff are not to transport the child.
    ·        The Educators/Staff must record all details of the situation and any actions taken on an incident form. It is important that the person removing the child - the Police or NSW Department of Education and Communities signs this form.
    ·        The NSW Department of Education and Communities and/or Police are now responsible for the ongoing attempts to locate the Parent’s/Guardian’s and for the well-being of the child.
    ·        A sign will then be placed at the Service’s entrance for the Parent’s/Guardian’s (or collecting person), advising that they contact the Police or Child Protection Helpline for information about the whereabouts of the child.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Education and Care Services National Regulation 2011
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Guide to the National Quality Standard 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                                                 Date for next review: May 2014

    Water Safety Policy

    Aim
    Edgeworth child care centre aim is to prevent child accidents and illness relating to swimming pools and other water hazards to comply with the Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011.
    Drowning is the leading cause of death for children aged 1-4 years in Australia. Whilst most drowning occurs in backyard pools, it is important to be aware that children drown in as little as 5cm of water. Other water hazards in relation to child injuries and illnesses are: nappy buckets, toilets, wading pools, spas, bathtubs, fishponds, fountains, pet drinking bowls, dams, creeks, lakes, and beaches.
    Legislative Requirements
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011
    Work Health and Safety Act 2011
    Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
    Who is affected by this policy?
    Children
    Staff
    Parents
    Families
    Management
    Implementation
    To prevent child accidents and illnesses relating to swimming pools, wadding pools and other water hazards Edgeworth child care centre will:
    ·        Remove all objects from around a pool, trough or other water hazard that a child could use to climb over fencing, such as logs, trees, bikes, chairs and bins.
    ·        Ensure no child swims in any water without:
    o    Written permission from parent or guardian to learn water safety and swimming.
    o    Appropriate adult/child ratios are in place.
    o    Supervision is provided by a person with first aid certificate, or a recognised award experienced in water safety and rescue procedures.
    ·        Closely supervise children near water at all times, never leave a child alone near any water, and two adults supervise if children are using a paddling pool/water trough.
    ·        Keep cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guide near any water and on clear visible display.
    ·        Safely cover or make in inaccessible to children all water containers, e.g. pond’s, spas, nappy buckets, bathtubs and ensure that child play areas are safely fenced off from water hazards such as dams, creeks, lakes, irrigation channels, wells.
    ·        Empty wading pools/water troughs, immediately after every use, stored to prevent the collection of water e.g. upright, also check garden after rain or watering and empty water that has collected in holes or containers.
    ·        Ensure wading pool/water trough is disinfected and chlorinated appropriately:
    o    Clean out leaves and debris every day by hosing away surface dirt and scrubbing the inside with disinfectant.
    o    Rinse away disinfectant before filling pool/trough.
    o    Chlorinate pool appropriately before children enter the pool.
    o    Check chlorine levels regularly.
    o    Children with diarrhea, upset stomach, open sores or nasal infections should not use the pool.
    o    All children should wear clean bathers and go to the toilet before entering the pool, following correct toileting hygiene practices.
    o    If a child passes a bowl motion while in the pool, remove all children from the pool immediately, empty pool and disinfect.
    The Approved Provider/Nominated Supervisor will ensure that this policy is maintained and implemented at all times.
    Sources
    Kidsafe NSW Inc
    Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010
    Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011
    The Children’s Hospital at Westmead www.chw.edu.au Retrieved 28 05 13
    Child and Youth Health www.cyh.com  Retrieved 28 05 13
    Review
    The policy will be reviewed annually. Review will be conducted by management, employees, parents and any interested parties.
    Reviewed: 28 May 2013                         Date for next review: May 2014